The discussion method is one in which the students and the instructor exchange their ideas in order to get a better understanding of a topic. It can be a whole period or be a part of a lesson. The discussion method, when used properly, is a good way to stimulate thinking on the part of the student. It can be used to advantage when the students have a background knowledge of the subject being discussed. The instructor should prompt everyone to take part, thus allowing the students the opportunity to learn from everyone in the group. The discussion method is interaction centered and can be teacher or student centered, and can be held in either a large or small group. Interaction techniques capitalize on the human desire to talk and share
one’s thoughts. Personal activity permits greater involvement in the lesson.
Advantages and Special Used of the Discussion Method
1. Expands the cognitive and affective domains of students.
2. Can be used to solve problems and develop interest in the topic.
3. Emphasizes main teaching points.
4. Utilizes student knowledge and ideas.
5. Results in more permanent learning because of the high degree of student involvement.
6. Determine student understanding and progress.
7. Everyone has a chance to get involved.
8. Teaches how to come to an agreement within a group without arguing.
9. Permits students are teacher to get acquainted.
Limitations of the Discussion Method
1. Tend to get off topic if the instructor doesn’t continually redirect ideas.
2. More informed and eager pupils tend to monopolize the discussion.
3. Not suitable for presenting information for the first time.
4. Not very effective in describing procedures or breakdown of a component.
5. Content is limited and the method is time consuming.
6. It restricts the size of groups.
7. The larger the groups the more difficult it is to guide the discussion.
8. Knowledge of the group.